Tan (Spatial Analyst)
Summary
Calculates the tangent of cells in a raster.
Illustration
Usage
In mathematics, all Trigonometric functions have a defined range of valid input values, called the domain. The output values from each function also has a defined range. For this tool:
The Domain is : ∞ < [in_value] < ∞
The Range is : ∞ < [out_value] < ∞
Note that here ∞ and ∞ represent the smallest negative and largest positive value supported by the particular raster format, respectively.
The input values for this tool are interpreted to be in radians. If the input you wish to use is in degrees, the values must first be divided by the radianstodegrees conversion factor of 180/pi, or approximately 57.296.
See here for examples of converting input values that are in degrees to the expected units of radians.

The output values from Tan are interpreted as unitless.
Output values are always floating point, regardless of the input data type.

Due to the range of values, applying a Histogram Equalized stretch renderer can be useful to best see the results.
Syntax
Parameter  Explanation  Data Type 
in_raster_or_constant 
The input for which to calculate the tangent values. In order to use a number as an input for this parameter, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment.  Raster Layer  Constant 
Return Value
Name  Explanation  Data Type 
out_raster 
The output raster. The values are the tangent of the input values.  Raster 
Code Sample
This example calculates the tangent of the values in the input GRID raster.
import arcpy from arcpy import env from arcpy.sa import * env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data" outTan = Tan("degs") outTan.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outtan")
This example calculates the tangent of the values in the input GRID raster and outputs a TIFF raster.
# Name: Tan_Ex_02.py # Description: Calculates the tangent of cells in a raster # Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension # Author: ESRI # Import system modules import arcpy from arcpy import env from arcpy.sa import * # Set environment settings env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data" # Set local variables inRaster = "degs" # Check out the ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension license arcpy.CheckOutExtension("Spatial") # Execute Tan outTan = Tan(inRaster) # Save the output outTan.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outtan.tif")