How to use feature sets and record sets

FeatureSet objects are lightweight representations of a feature class. They are a special data element that contains not only schema (geometry type, fields, spatial reference) but also the data, including the geometry itself. RecordSet objects are similar but comparable to a table. When used in a script tool, feature sets and record sets can be used to interactively define features and records.


Server tools communicate using feature sets and record sets, meaning data must be created using or loaded into these objects when using server tools.

The FeatureSet and RecordSet classes have the same two methods.




Import a feature class into the FeatureSet object.


Export to a geodatabase feature class or shapefile.

FeatureSet class




Import a feature class into the RecordSet object.


Export to a geodatabase table or dBASE file.

RecordSet class

Creating and using FeatureSet and RecordSet objects

FeatureSet and RecordSet objects can be created in a number of ways depending on need and application. The load method can be used to add new features or rows to the object, and the save method can be used to preserve the features or rows on disk. In addition, the input feature class or table can also be supplied as argument to the class. Both FeatureSet and RecordSet objects can also be used directly as input to a geoprocessing tool.

Create an empty feature set.

import arcpy

# Create an empty FeatureSet object
featSet = arcpy.FeatureSet()

Construct a feature set from an input feature class

import arcpy

# Construct a FeatureSet from a feature class
featSet = arcpy.FeatureSet("c:/base/roads.shp")

GetParameterValue function

If you want to create a feature set or record set with the specific schema of a tool's input, use GetParameterValue() to create an empty FeatureSet or RecordSet object with the appropriate schema.

import arcpy

# Add a custom server toolbox
arcpy.ImportToolbox("http://flame7/arcgis/services;BufferByVal", "servertools")

# Get the default input from a tool
inRecSet = arcpy.GetParameterValue("bufferpoints", 0)

Learn more about the GetParameterValue function

Using the GetParameter function

When working with script tools, FeatureSet and RecordSet objects can be acquired from the tool using the GetParameter function.

import arcpy

# Get the RecordSet from a script tool
inRecSet = arcpy.GetParameter(0)

Learn more about the GetParameter function

Result class' getInput/getOutput methods

When using a server tool, you must explicitly ask for its output. When the output is a feature set or record set, the Result class' getOutput() method can be used to return the tool's output in a FeatureSet or RecordSet object. As well, the Result object's getInput method can be used to get an input FeatureSet or RecordSet object.

Learn more about getting results from a geoprocessing tool

import arcpy
import time

# Add a toolbox from a server
arcpy.ImportToolbox("http://flame7/arcgis/services;GP/BufferByVal", "servertools")

# Use GetParameterValue to get a featureset object with the default schema of the 
#   first parameter of the tool 'bufferpoints'
inFeatureSet = arcpy.GetParameterValue("bufferpoints", 0)

# Load a shapefile into the featureset

# Run a server tool named BufferPoints with featureset created above
result = arcpy.BufferPoints_servertools(inFeatureSet, "5 feet")

# Check the status of the result object every 0.2 seconds until it has a value 
#    of 4 (succeeded) or greater
while result.status < 4:

# Get the output FeatureSet back from the server and save to a local geodatabase
outFeatSet = result.getOutput(0)"c:/temp/base.gdb/towers_buffer")

Learn more about the Result class

Example: Loading data to a feature set using cursors and an in-memory feature class

import arcpy
from arcpy import env

env.overwriteOutput = True

arcpy.ImportToolbox("http://flame7/arcgis/services;BufferByVal", "server")

# List of coordinates
coordinateL = ["-117.196717216;34.046944853","-117.186226483;34.046498438",\

# Create an in_memory feature class to initially contain the coordinate pairs
fc = arcpy.CreateFeatureClass_management("in_memory", "tempfc", "POINT")

# Open an insert cursor
cur = arcpy.InsertCursor(fc)
pointArray = arcpy.Array()
pnt = arcpy.Point()

# Iterate through list of coordinates and add to cursor
for coords in coordinateL:
    x,y = coords.split(';')

    pnt.ID = coordinateL.index(coords) + 1
    pnt.X = x
    pnt.Y = y

    feat = cur.newRow()
    feat.shape = pnt

# Delete the cursor
del cur

# Create a FeatureSet object and load in_memory feature class
featSet = arcpy.FeatureSet()

results = arcpy.BufferPoints_servertools(featSet)    

Related Topics