# Con (Spatial Analyst)

## Summary

Performs a conditional if/else evaluation on each of the input cells of an input raster.

## Illustration

 OutRas = Con(InRas1, 40, 30, "Value >= 2")

## Usage

• If either the true raster or optional false raster is floating point, the output raster will be floating point. If both the true expression and optional false raster are integer, the output raster will be integer.

• If the evaluation of the expression is nonzero, it is treated as True.

• If no input false raster or constant is specified, NoData will be assigned to those cells that do not result in True from the expression.

• If NoData does not satisfy the expression, it does not receive the value of the input false raster; it remains NoData.

• In Python, you can avoid using a {where_clause} which specifies the Value field by instead using a Map Algebra expression as the Input conditional raster.

For example, the following expression:

• Con("elev", 0, 1, "value > 1000")
can be rewritten as:
• Con(Raster("elev") > 1000, 0, 1)

For more information, see the code samples listed below or Building complex statements.

• In order to use a {where_clause} in Python, it should be enclosed in quotes. For example, "Population > 5000"

• The maximum length of the logical expression is 4,096 characters.

## Syntax

Con (in_conditional_raster, in_true_raster_or_constant, {in_false_raster_or_constant}, {where_clause})
 Parameter Explanation Data Type in_conditional_raster Input raster representing the true or false result of the desired condition.It can be of integer or floating point type. Raster Layer in_true_raster_or_constant The input whose values will be used as the output cell values if the condition is true. It can be an integer or a floating point raster, or a constant value. Raster Layer | Constant in_false_raster_or_constant(Optional) The input whose values will be used as the output cell values if the condition is false. It can be an integer or a floating point raster, or a constant value. Raster Layer | Constant where_clause(Optional) A logical expression that determines which of the input cells are to be true or false.The expression follows the general form of an SQL expression.Consult the documentation for more information on the SQL reference for query expressions used in ArcGIS and specifying a query in Python. SQL Expression

#### Return Value

 Name Explanation Data Type out_raster The output raster. Raster

## Code Sample

Con example 1 (Python window)

In this example the original value will be retained in the output where the input conditional raster is greater than a value of 2000, and a value of NoData where it is not.

```import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outCon = Con("elevation", "elevation", "", "VALUE > 2000")
outCon.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outcon.img")

# Execute Con using a map algebra expression instead of a where clause
outCon2 = Con(Raster("elevation") > 2000, "elevation")
outCon2.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outcon2")
```
Con example 2 (Python window)

In this example the original value will be retained in the output except for Nodata, which will be replaced with the value of 0.

```import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outCon = Con(IsNull("elevation"),0, "elevation")
outCon.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outcon")```
Con example 3 (Python window)

In this example two different rasters are used to create the conditional raster.

```import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
inRaster1 = Raster("landuse")
inRaster2 = Raster("landuse2")
outCon = Con(((inRaster1 == 1) & (inRaster2 == 5)), inRaster1 + inRaster2, 99)
outCon.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outcon")```
Con example 4 (stand-alone script)

In this example, where the value of the input conditional raster is greater than or equal to 1500, the output value will be 1, and where it is less than 1500, the output value will be 0.

```# Name: Con_Ex_02.py
# Description: Performs a conditional if/else evaluation
#              on each cell of an input raster.
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension
# Author: ESRI

# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *

# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"

# Set local variables
inRaster = Raster("elevation")
inTrueRaster = 1
inFalseConstant = 0
whereClause = "VALUE >= 1500"

# Check out the ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension license
arcpy.CheckOutExtension("Spatial")

# Execute Con
outCon = Con(inRaster, inTrueRaster, inFalseConstant, whereClause)

# Execute Con using a map algebra expression instead of a where clause
outCon2 = Con(inRaster >= 1500, inTrueRaster, inFalseConstant)

# Save the outputs
outCon.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outcon")
outCon2.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outcon2")```

## Licensing Information

ArcView: Requires Spatial Analyst
ArcEditor: Requires Spatial Analyst
ArcInfo: Requires Spatial Analyst

6/29/2011