Alaska Grid


This projection was developed to provide a conformal map of Alaska with less scale distortion than other conformal projections. A set of mathematical formulas defines a conformal transformation between two surfaces (Snyder, 1993).

Illustration of Alaska Grid projection

Projection method

Modified planar. This is a sixth-order equation modification of an oblique Stereographic conformal projection on the Clarke 1866 spheroid. The origin is at 64° N, 152° W.

Point of tangency

Conceptual point of tangency at 64° N, 152° W.

Linear graticules




Perfectly conformal.


Varies approximately 1.2 percent over Alaska.


Local angles are correct everywhere.


The minimum scale factor is 0.997 at approximately 62°30' N, 156° W. Scale increases outward from this point. Most of Alaska and the Aleutian Islands, excluding the panhandle, are bounded by a line of true scale. The scale factor ranges from 0.997 to 1.003 for Alaska, which is one-fourth the range for a corresponding conic projection (Snyder, 1987).


Distortion becomes severe away from Alaska.

Uses and applications

Conformal mapping of Alaska as a complete state on the Clarke 1866 spheroid or NAD27. This projection is not optimized for use with other datums and spheroids.


Projection-specific parameters are set by the software.

Related Topics