Flow Accumulation (Spatial Analyst)
Creates a raster of accumulated flow into each cell. A weight factor can optionally be applied.
The result of Flow Accumulation is a raster of accumulated flow to each cell, as determined by accumulating the weight for all cells that flow into each downslope cell.
Cells of undefined flow direction will only receive flow; they will not contribute to any downstream flow. A cell is considered to have an undefined flow direction if its value in the flow direction raster is anything other than 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, or 128.
The accumulated flow is based on the number of cells flowing into each cell in the output raster. The current processing cell is not considered in this accumulation.
Output cells with a high flow accumulation are areas of concentrated flow and can be used to identify stream channels.
Output cells with a flow accumulation of zero are local topographic highs and can be used to identify ridges.
If the input flow direction raster is not created with the Flow Direction tool, there is a chance that the defined flow could loop. If the flow direction does loop, Flow Accumulation will go into an infinite loop and never finish.
The Flow Accumulation tool does not honour the Compression environment setting. The output raster will always be uncompressed.
The input raster that shows the direction of flow out of each cell.
The flow direction raster can be created using the Flow Direction tool.
An optional input raster for applying a weight to each cell.
If no weight raster is specified, a default weight of 1 will be applied to each cell. For each cell in the output raster, the result will be the number of cells that flow into it.
The output accumulation raster can be integer or floating point type.
The output raster that shows the accumulated flow to each cell.
This example creates a raster of accumulated flow into each cell of an input flow direction GRID raster.
import arcpy from arcpy import env from arcpy.sa import * env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data" outFlowAccumulation = FlowAccumulation("flowdir") outFlowAccumulation.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outflowacc01")
This example creates a raster of accumulated flow into each cell of an input flow direction IMG raster.
# Name: FlowAccumulation_Ex_02.py # Description: Creates a raster of accumulated flow to each cell. # Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension # Author: ESRI # Import system modules import arcpy from arcpy import env from arcpy.sa import * # Set environment settings env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data" # Set local variables inFlowDirRaster = "flowdir" inWeightRaster = "" dataType = "INTEGER" # Check out the ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension license arcpy.CheckOutExtension("Spatial") # Execute FlowDirection outFlowAccumulation = FlowAccumulation(inFlowDirRaster, inWeightRaster, dataType) # Save the output outFlowAccumulation.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outflowacc02.img")