Using the NDVI button on the Image Analysis window

Using the NDVI button NDVI computes the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) from a multispectral image or two selected image layers. The NDVI is a standardized index allowing you to generate an image displaying greenness (relative biomass). This index takes advantage of the contrast of the characteristics of two bands from a multispectral raster dataset-the chlorophyll pigment absorptions in the red band and the high reflectivity of plant materials in the near-infrared (NIR) band.

  1. To view the Image Analysis window, click Windows on the Main menu and click Image Analysis.
  2. If you are selecting a multiband dataset, you can specify which band will be used for the red and infrared inputs by doing the following:
    1. Click the Options button Image Analysis Options on the Image Analysis window.
    2. Click the NDVI tab.
    3. Change the inputs for the Red Band and Infrared Band.

      By default the Red Band is 3 and the Infrared Band is 4. You may need to look at the metadata for your imagery to determine which bands to use. If, for example, you have a three-band color infrared image, the Infrared Band may be 1 and the Red Band may be 2.

    4. Click OK.
  3. Click a multiband raster or image service layer in the Image Analysis window.
  4. Optionally select two single-band raster or image service layers in the table of contents.
  5. Click the NDVI button NDVI.

    The output is added as a temporary layer to the table of contents. By default, a color map renderer is applied using a color map where green represents vegetation.

    The NDVI operation adds at least two functions to the temporary layer: the NDVI function and the Colormap function.

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