Make Feature Layer (Data Management)
Creates a feature layer from an input feature class or layer file. The layer that is created by the tool is temporary and will not persist after the session ends unless the layer is saved to disk or the map document is saved.
Complex feature classes, such as annotation and dimensions, are not supported by this tool.
Layers created in ArcCatalog cannot be used in ArcMap unless they are saved to a layer file using the Save_To_Layer_File tool.
If an SQL expression is used but returns nothing, the output will be empty.
Field names can be given a new name by using the Field Info control. The second column on the control lists the existing field names from the input. To rename a field, click the field name and type in a new one.
New field names defined in the Field Info control will be honored in subsequent tools. However, if this tool is the last tool in a model, the field names will be obtained from the source data on disk. To maintain new field names, the new layer has to be written out to a new data using Copy Rows or Copy Features tools.
The field names will be validated by specifying an input workspace. Thus, if the input is a geodatabase feature class, and the output workspace is a folder, the field names may be truncated, since shapefile attributes can only have names of ten characters or less. The new names may be reviewed and altered using the Field Info control.
A subset of fields can be made unavailable in the new layer by using the Field Info control's visible property. The third column in the control provides a dropdown option to specify whether a field will be visible or hidden in the new layer. The default is TRUE. Selecting FALSE will hide that field. You cannot use the hidden fields in a workflow if the newly created layer is input to a subsequent process or tool. If the output is saved to disk, only the fields listed as visible will appear in the new data.
A split policy can be set by using the Field Info control Use Ratio Policy option. The split policy comes into effect any time the feature layer is being used as an input to a tool and a geometry of the input feature layer is split during processing. When the split geometry is sent to the output, a ratio of the input attribute value is calculated for the output attribute value. When Use Ratio Policy is enabled, whenever a feature in an overlay operation is split, the attributes of the resulting features are a ratio of the attribute value of the input feature. The output value is based on the ratio in which the input feature geometry was divided. For example, if the input geometry was divided equally, each new feature's attribute value is assigned one-half of the value of the input feature's attribute value. Use Ratio Policy only applies to numeric field types.
The default is NONE (unchecked). This means the attribute of the two resulting features takes on a copy of the original object's attribute value.Caution:
Geoprocessing tools do not honor geodatabase feature class or table field split policies.
When using ModelBuilder to create a tool, you need to ensure that the input data variable to this tool is not flagged as intermediate. If the input is flagged as intermediate, it will be deleted after the model is run from its dialog and the output layer will not be added to the display.
The input feature class or layer used the make the new layer. Complex feature classes, such as annotation and dimensions, are not valid inputs to this tool.
The name of the feature layer to be created. The newly created layer can be used as input to any geoprocessing tool that accepts a feature layer as input.
An SQL expression used to select a subset of features. The syntax for the expression differs slightly depending on the data source. For example, if you're querying file or ArcSDE geodatabases, shapefiles, or coverages, enclose field names in double quotes:
If you're querying personal geodatabases, enclose fields in square brackets:
In Python, strings are enclosed in matching single or double quotes. To create a string that contains quotes (as is common with a WHERE clause in SQL expressions), you can escape the quotes (using a backslash) or triple quote the string. For example, if the intended WHERE clause is
"CITY_NAME" = 'Chicago'
you could enclose the entire string in double quotes, then escape the interior double quotes like this:
" \"CITY_NAME\" = 'Chicago' "
Or you could enclose the entire string in single quotes, then escape the interior single quotes like this:
' "CITY_NAME" = \'Chicago\' '
Or you could enclose the entire string in triple quotes without escaping:
""" "CITY_NAME" = 'Chicago' """
For more information on SQL syntax and how it differs between data sources, see the help topic SQL reference for query expressions used in ArcGIS.
The input workspace used to validate the field names. If the input is a geodatabase table and the output workspace is a dBASE table, the field names may be truncated, since dBASE fields can only have names of ten characters or less. The new names may be reviewed and altered using the field information control.
Can be used to review and alter the field names and hide a subset of fields in the output layer. A split policy can be specified. See the usages for more information.
The following Python window script demonstrates how to use the MakeFeatureLayer function in immediate mode.
import arcpy arcpy.env.workspace = "C:/data/input" arcpy.MakeFeatureLayer_management("parcels.shp", "parcels_lyr")
The following stand-alone script demonstrates how to use MakeFeatureLayer to create a layer that can be used by SelectLayerByLocation and SelectLayerByAttribute tools.
# Name: ExtractFeaturesByLocationAndAttribute.py # Description: Extracts features to a new feature class based on a location and an attribute query. # Import system modules import arcpy from arcpy import env # Set overwrite option arcpy.env.overwriteOutput = True # Put in error trapping in case an error occurs when running tool try: # Make a layer from the feature class arcpy.MakeFeatureLayer_management("C:/data/mexico.gdb/cities","cities_lyr") # Select all cities that overlap the chihuahua polygon arcpy.SelectLayerByLocation_management("cities_lyr", "INTERSECT", "c:/data/mexico.gdb/chihuahua", "", "NEW_SELECTION") # Within the selection (done above) further select only those cities that have a population >10,000 arcpy.SelectLayerByAttribute_management("cities_lyr", "SUBSET_SELECTION", "POPULATION > 10000") # Write the selected features to a new featureclass arcpy.CopyFeatures_management("cities_lyr", "c:/data/mexico.gdb/chihuahua_10000plus") except: print arcpy.GetMessages()