Extracts features from an input feature class or input feature layer, typically using a select or Structured Query Language (SQL) expression and stores them in an output feature class.
If a layer is used for Input Features and no expression is entered, only the selected features are written to the output feature class. If a layer is used for Input Features and an expression is entered, the expression is only executed against the selected features, and the expression-based subset of the selected set is written to the output feature class.
If you want to create a feature class from the selected set of features in a layer, use the Copy_Features tool.
The input feature class or layer from which features are selected.
The output feature class to be created. If no expression is used, it contains all input features.
An SQL expression used to select a subset of features. The syntax for the expression differs slightly depending on the data source. For example, if you're querying file or ArcSDE geodatabases, shapefiles, or coverages, enclose field names in double quotes:
If you're querying personal geodatabases, enclose fields in square brackets:
In Python, strings are enclosed in matching single or double quotes. To create a string that contains quotes (as is common with a WHERE clause in SQL expressions), you can escape the quotes (using a backslash) or triple quote the string. For example, if the intended WHERE clause is
"CITY_NAME" = 'Chicago'
you could enclose the entire string in double quotes, then escape the interior double quotes like this:
" \"CITY_NAME\" = 'Chicago' "
Or you could enclose the entire string in single quotes, then escape the interior single quotes like this:
' "CITY_NAME" = \'Chicago\' '
Or you could enclose the entire string in triple quotes without escaping:
""" "CITY_NAME" = 'Chicago' """
For more information on SQL syntax and how it differs between data sources, see the help topic SQL reference for query expressions used in ArcGIS.
import arcpy from arcpy import env env.workspace = "c:/basedata/roads.gdb" arcpy.Select_analysis("nfroads", "paved", '[ROAD_CLASS] = "PAVED"')
The following Python Window script demonstrates how to use the Select function in immediate mode.
import arcpy from arcpy import env env.workspace = "C:/data" arcpy.Select_analysis("majorrds.shp", "C:/output/majorrdsClass4.shp", '"CLASS" = \'4\'')
The following Python script demonstrates how to use the Select function in a stand-alone script.
# Name: Select_Example2.py # Description: Select roads of Class 4 from major roads tin the gnatcatcher habitat study area # Author: ESRI # Import system modules import arcpy from arcpy import env # Set workspace env.workspace = "C:/data" # Set local variables in_features = "majorrds.shp" out_feature_class = "C:/output/majorrdsClass4.shp" where_clause = '"CLASS" = \'4\'' # Execute Select arcpy.Select_analysis(in_features, out_feature_class, where_clause)